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about kyoto

 

The City of Kyoto was founded as "Heiankyo" in 794 A.D, and flourished as the capital of Japan for approximately 1,000 years.

Even after the transfer of the capital to Tokyo with the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Kyoto maintained its position as Japan's cultural capital. It is home to numerous national treasures, historical buildings and traditional arts and crafts. Kyoto is known as the "spiritual home of the Japanese" and it is often said that without knowing Kyoto, it is impossible to grasp the true essence of Japan.

Kyoto has a rich and colorful history, with a unique blend of tradition, culture, and industry. During spring cherry blossom and autumn maple leaf viewing seasons, the city and its rural outskirts are an irresistible attraction for nature lovers.

Kyoto was laid out in a grid pattern with the Imperial Palace located at its center. The city was modeled on Chang-an (modern-day Xian), the capital of the Tang Dynasty of China. The surrounding areas are named according to their positions relative to the Imperial Palace: Rakuchu for central Kyoto, Kitayama for northern Kyoto, Higashiyama for eastern Kyoto, and Nishiyama for western Kyoto.

The Kamo River flows north to south through the middle of the city and serves as a useful reference point. The areas alongside the river bank have been developed into parks, walking trails, and playing fields. Thus, the riverside is a favorite spot of both citizens and visitors to relax within the city.